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The data that we use can be found in this list of research resources we have gathered. We offer full transparency with the facts and statistics that we offer. Join us in research, and addressing the systemic racism of our nation. 

A People’s History of the United States. Howard Zinn, NY: HarperCollins, 1980.

Across the Thin Blue Line: Police Officers and Racial Bias in the Decision to Shoot. J. Correll et al. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92 (6), 1006-1023, 2007.

Anti-Racism in US History: The First 200 Years. Herbert Aptheker, CA:  Greenwood Press, 1992.

Are Emily and Greg More Employable Than Lakisha and Jamal? A Field Experiment on Labor Market Discrimination. Marianne Bertrand and Sendhil Mullainathan, University of Chicago Graduate School of Business, June 20, 2004.

Are Teachers’ Expectations Different For Racial Minority Than For European American Students? A Meta-Analysis.  Journal of Educational Psychology, 99(2), 253-273, 2007.

Are We Born Racist? Eds. Jason Marsh, Rodolfo Mendoza-Denton, Jeremy Adam Smith. Boston: Beacon Press. 2010.

Asian Americans: An Interpretive History. Sucheng Chan, NY: Simon and Schuster, 1991.

Becoming an Anti-Racist Church: Journeying Toward Wholeness. Joseph Barndt, Fortress Press, 2011.

Before the Mayflower: A History of Black America, 1619-1962.  LeRone Bennett, Penguin Press, 1962.

Being Black, Living in the Red: Race, Wealth and Social Policy in America. Dalton Conley. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1999.

Benevolent Intervention or Oppression Perpetuated: Minority Overrepresentation in Children’s Services, Kimberly Crane & Rodney Ellis, Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 9, pp. 19-38, 2004.

Beyond Heroes and Holidays: A Practical Guide to K-12 Anti-Racist Multicultural Education and Staff Development. Enid Lee, Deborah Menkart, Margo Okazawa, eds., Washington DC: Network of Educators on the Americas, 1998.

Black and Blue: The Origins and Consequences of Medical Racism. J. Hoberman, University of California Press, 2012.

Black and White Styles in Conflict, Thomas Kochman, University of Chicago Press, 1981.

Black Indians: A Hidden Heritage. William Loren Katz, NY: Aladdin Paperbacks, 1997.

Black Wealth/White Wealth:  A New Perspective on Racial Inequality, Oliver, Melvin L. & Thomas M. Shapiro, Routledge, 1997.

Blaming the Victim. William Ryan, New York: Random House, 1971.

Blind Spot: The Hidden Biases of Good People. Mahzarin Banaji & Anthony Greenwald. Delacorte Press. 2013.

Bridging the Class Divide. Linda Stout, Beacon Press, 1996.

Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee:  An Indian History of the American West Brown, Dee, Bantam Books, 1970.

Coming Through the Fire: Surviving Race and Place in America. C. Eric Lincoln, Durham: Duke University Press, 1996.

Conceptual Foundations for Social Justice Course. Rita Hardiman and Bailey W. Jackson. In Teaching for Diversity and Social Justice, Eds. Maurianne Adams, Lee Anne Bell and Pat Griffin: Routledge, 1997.

Critical Race Theory: An Introduction. Richard Delgado & Jean Stefancic. NYU Press, 2001.

Dismantling Racism: The Continuing Challenge to White America. Joseph Barndt. Minneapolis: Augsburg Fortress, 1991.

Disrupting White Supremacy from Within: White People on What We Need To Do. Jennifer Harvey and Karin Case (Eds.), Pilgrim Press, 2004.

Eugenics and Education in America: Institutional Racism and the Implications of History, Ideology and Memory. Ann Gibson Winfield.  Peter Lang (Complicated Conversations Series). 2007.

Europe and the People Without History, Eric R. Wolf, California, 1982.

Faces at the Bottom of the Well: The Permanence of Racism. Derek Bell, NY: Basic Books, 1992.

For Whites Only, Robert W. Terry, Eerdmans, 1970.

Forty Million Dollar Slaves: The Rise, Fall, and Redemption of the Black Athlete. William C. Rhoden. NY: Three Rivers Press, 2006. 

From a Native Daughter: Colonialism and Sovereignty in Hawaii. Haunani-Kay Trask, Common Courage Press (1-800-497-3207), 1993.

From Slavery to Freedom:  A History of African Americans.  John Hope Franklin, Vintage Press, 1961.

How Black Land Became White Sand: The Racial Erosion of the U.S. Coasts. Brentin Mock.

How the Irish Became White. Noel Ignatiev. New York: Routledge, 1995.

How Jews Became White Folks and What That Says About Race in America. Karen Brodkin, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1998.

How Race Survived U.S. History—From Settlement and Slavery to the Obama Phenomenon. London, NY: Verso. 2008

Implicit Bias: Scientific Foundations. A.G. Greenwald & L. H. Krieger, California Law Review, 94 (4), 945-96, 2006.

In the Matter of Color: Race and the American Legal Process the Colonial Period. A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr., New York: Oxford University Press, 1978.

Inequality by Design: Cracking the Bell Curve Myth.  C.S. Fischer, M. Hout, M.S. Jankowski, S.R. Lucas, A. Swidler, K. Voss, eds. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996.

Invention of the White Race I & II, Theodore Allen, Verso Books, 1994, 1997.

Iron Cages:  Race and Culture in 19th Century America, Ronald Takaki, Oxford Press, 1979.

Is Your Baby Racist? Explaining the Roots of Discrimination. Newsweek, September 14, 2009.

Killers of the Dream. Lillian Smith, NY: W.W. Norton.1949.

Killing the Black Body: Race, Reproduction and the Meaning of Liberty. Dorothy Roberts, Pantheon, 1997.

Levels of Racism: A Theoretic Framework and a Gardener’s Tale. Camara Phyllis Jones, American Journal of Public Health, 90 (8), 1212-1215.

Lies My Teacher Told Me: Everything Your American History Textbook Got Wrong. James Loewen. New York: Touchstone, 1995.

Living in Process: Basic Truths for Living the Path of the Soul. Anne Wilson Schaef, NY: Ballantine, 1998.

Making Waves: An Anthology of Writing by and About Asian American Women.  Asian Women United of California, Eds. Boston: Beacon Press, 1989.

Managing Multi-Generational Anger in African-American Males. Virgil Gooding.

Man’s Most Dangerous Myth, The Fallacy of Race. Ashley Montagu, 1942, Alta Mira Press, 1997.

Memoir of a Race Traitor. Mab Segrest, Boston: South End Press, 1994.

Mixed Race America and the Law: A Reader. Kevin R. Johnson (Ed.), New York and London: New York University Press, 2003.

Multiple Pathways Linking Racism to Health Outcomes. CJ Harrell et al. Du Bois Review. 2011; 8(1): 143-157.

NurtureShock: New Thinking About Children. Po Bronson & Ashley Merriman, Twelve, 2011.

Occupied America: The Chicano’s Struggle Toward Liberation. Rodolfo Acuna. San Francisco:Canfield Press, 1972.

Pedagogy of the Oppressed, Paulo Friere, Herder & Herder, 1970.

Privilege, Power, and Difference.  Allan G. Johnson, Mayfield Publishing, 2001.

Race-Based Judgments, Race-Neutral Justifications: Experimental Examination of Peremptory Use and Batson Challenge Procedure.  Samuel Sommers & Michael Norton, Law & Human Behavior, 31: 261-273.

Race Matters in Child Welfare: The Overrepresentation of African-American Children in the System. Dennette Derezotes, John Poertner, Mark Testa, (Eds), The Race Matters Consortium, Washington, D.C.: Child Welfare League of America, 2005.

Race Rules: Navigating the Color Line. Michael Eric Dyson, NY: Random House, 1997.

Race: The History of an Idea in America. Thomas Gossett, Pendulum Press 1987.

Race: The Power of An Illusion. Produced by California Newsreel, in association with the Independent Television Service (ITVS), 2003.

Racially Mixed People in America, Marla Root, Sage Publishers, 1992.

Racism in the English Language, Robert B Moore, Race, Class, and Gender: An Integrated Study, 4th Edition. Paula S. Rothenberg, editor.  New York: Saint Martin’s Press, 1998

Racism Without Racists. Eduardo Bonilla-Silva. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2014.

Racist America: Roots, Current Realities, and Future Reparations. Joe R. Feagin, NY: Routledge, 2000.

Raising Black Boys. Jawanza Kunjufu. African American Images, 2007.

Reducing Racial and Social-Class Inequalities in Health: The Need for a New Approach. S. Leonard Syme. Health Affairs. 2008, 27 (2), 456-459.

Reducing Racial Disparity in the Criminal Justice System. The Sentencing Project., 2008.

Reluctant Reformers: Racism and Social Reform Movements in the United States. Robert L. Allen, NY: Anchor Books, 1975.

Root Shock: How Tearing Up City Neighborhoods Hurts America and What We Can Do About It.  Mindy Fullilove. One World/Ballantine, 2005.

Savage Inequalities:  Children in American Schools, Jonathan Kozol, HarperCollins, 1991.

Sisters of the Yam: Black Women and Self-Recovery.  bell hooks, Boston: South End Press, 1993.

Slavery By Another Name: The Re-enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War Until World War II. Douglas Blackmon. Anchor, 2009.

Slavery By Another Name. (a 90-minute documentary narrated by Laurence Fishburne) based on Blackmon’s book. PBS. TPT National Productions. 2012.

State of the Science: Implicit Bias Review 2013. Cheryl Staats, Charles Patton, KIrwan Institute.

Strangers from a Different Shore: A History of Asian Americans. Ronald Takaki. Penguin Books, 1989.

Structural Racism and Community Building.  Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change. Washington DC: The Aspen Institute. 2004.

The Abolition of White Democracy. Joel Olson. University of Minnesota Press, 2004.

The Aquarian Conspiracy: Personal and Social Transformation in Our Time. Marilyn Ferguson. Jeremy Tarcher, 1987.

The Color of Discipline: Sources of Racial and Gender Disproportionality in School Punishment. R. Skiba, R. Michael & A. Nardo, 2000. Retrieved from,

The Color of Wealth: The Story Behind the U.S. Racial Wealth Divide. Meizhu Lui, Barbara Robles, Betsy Leondar-Wright, Rose Brewer and Rebecca Anderson. New Press, 2006.

The Conquest of Paradise: Christopher Columbus and the Columbian Legacy. Kirkpatrick Sale. New York: Plume, 1991.

The Crisis of Color and Democracy:  Essays on Race, Class and Power. Marable, Manning, Common Courage Press, 1992.

The Cross and the Lynching Tree, James H. Cone, 2011.

The Debt: What America Owes to Blacks. Randall Robinson, Plume, 2000.

The Derrick Bell Reader. Edited by Richard Delgado & Jean Stefancic. NYU Press, 2005.

The Double V: How Wars, Protest and Harry Truman Desegregated America’s Military, NY: Bloomsbury, 2013.

The Emperor Has No Clothes: Teaching About Race and Racism to People who Don’t Want to Know. Tema Okun. Information Age Publishing, 2010.

The Genetical Theory of Race and Anthropological Method. Ashley Montague. American Ethnography Quasimonthly.  Originally appeared in American Anthropologist July – September, 1942, New Series 44(3): 369-375.

The Hidden Cost of Being African-American. Thomas Shapiro. NY: Oxford Press, 2004.

The Land Was Ours: African-American Beaches from Jim Crow to the Sunbelt South.   Andrew Kahrl. Harvard University Press, 2012.

The Lessons of Hayti. Documentary directed by Byron C. Hunter & Edward J. Harris II. Urban Aggregate, 2014.

The Machinery of Whiteness: Studies in the Structure of Racialization. Stephen Martinot, Philadephia: Temple University Press, 2010.

The Mark of a Criminal Record, D. Pager, American Journal of Sociology, 108, 935-937.

The Mis-Education of the Negro. Carter Woodson. Republished 2009 by CreateSpace Independent Publishing.

The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness. Michelle Alexander, The New Press, 2010.

The Possessive Investment in Whiteness:  How White People Benefit from Identity Politics, George Lipsitz, Temple University Press, 1998.

The Race + Child Welfare Project. Fact Sheet 1: Basic facts on disproportionate representation of African Americans in the foster care system.  Center for the Study of Social Policy Center for the Study of Social Policy, Washington, D.C., 2004.

The Souls of Black Folk, W.E.B. DuBois, Penguin Books, 1903,1989.

The State of Asian America: Activism and Resistance in the 1990s. Karin Aguilar-San Juan, Boston: South End Press, 1994.

The State of Native American Genocide, Colonization & Resistance, M. Annette Jaimes, South End Press, 1992.

The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Thomas Kuhn, 50th anniversary, University of Chicago Press, 2012.

The Wall Between. Anne Braden. University of Tennessee Press. 1958.

The War on Marijuana in Black and White. (June 3, 2013). American Civil Liberties Union.

The Ways of White Folks, Langston Hughes, Vintage Books, 1990.

The White Man’s Burden:  Historical Origins of Racism in America. Winthrop D. Jordan, Oxford 1974.

Thinking Fast and Slow. Daniel Kahneman. Farrar, Straus, & Giroux. 2013.

Two Nations:  Black and White, Separate, Hostile, Unequal. Andrew Hacker, Ballantine, 1992.

Unequal Protection:  Environmental Justice and Communities of Color. Robert Bullard, ed., Random House, 1996.

Unnatural Causes: Is Inequality Making Us Sick? (7-part documentary series on impact of race and poverty on health.) California Newsreel, 2008.

Uprooting Racism: How White People Can Work for Racial Justice. Paul Kivel. Philadelphia: New Society Publishers, 1995.

What Blood Won’t Tell: A History of Race on Trial in America. Cambridge, MA: Gross. 2008.

When Affirmative Action Was White. Ira Katznelson. NY: WW Norton, 2005.

When and Where I Enter: The Impact of Black Women on Race And Sex in America. Paula Giddings, William Morrow and Co., 1984.

When Society Becomes an Addict. Anne Wilson Schaef, NY: HarperCollins Publishers, 1988.

“When the Rules Are Fair, But the Game Isn’t.” Mukta Jost, Edward Whitfield, & Mark Jost. In Multicultural Education, Fall 2005.

Whistling Vivaldi. How Stereotypes Affect Us and What We Can Do. Claude Steele, NY: Norton, 2010.

White Awareness: Handbook for Anti-racism Training. Judith Katz, University of Oklahoma Press, 1978. [out-of-print]

White By Law: The Legal Construction of Race, Ian Haney Lopez, NYU Press, 1999.

White Lies: Race and the Myths of Whiteness. Maurice Berger, NY: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1999.

White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack.”  Peggy McIntosh. Independent School, Winter 1990.

Whitewashing Race: The Myth of a Color-Blind Society. Michael K. Brown et al. University of California Press, 2003.

Whitewashing the South: White Memories of Segregation and Civil Rights. Kristen Lavelle. Rowman and Littlefield. 2014.

Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria: A Psychologist Explains the Development of Racial Identity. Beverly Daniel Tatum. New York: Harper Collins, 1997.

Women, Race and Class. Angela Davis, Random House, 1981.

Working Toward Whiteness: How America’s Immigrants Became White. NY: Basic Books, 2005.

You Call This A Democracy: Who Benefits, Who Pays and Who Really Decides? Paul Kivel, Apex Press, 2004.

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